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語源auto (自分)の英単語の意味まとめ

この記事では語源auto(自分)に関連する英単語を紹介します。

目次から読みたい箇所をピックアップして読んでください。

autism /ˈɔːtɪzm/:自閉症

autismは「自閉症」を意味し、語源はauto(自己)とismos(状態)に由来します。

英語の解説と例文

Autism means “disorder of communication”, and the etymology comes from auto (self) and ismos (state). Let’s see an example sentence.

Autism is a brain dysfunction that causes difficulties in communication with others.

The main symptoms are delayed development of language, indifference to others, sticking to regularity, repeated behavior, hypersensitivity.

As autism, Asperger’s syndrome and developmental disorders are difficult to distinguish, they are collectively called Autism Spectrum Disease (ASD).

Suitable work for autism people is the one with clear rules and manuals such as accounting, call centers, programmers, CAD operators etc.

On the contrary, work that does not suit people with autism is a job that requires flexible response and complicated communication skills such as hospitality, sales, and drivers.

他の語源へ / 目次へ

 

autobiography /`ɔːṭəbɑɪάgrəfi/:自伝

autobiographyは「自伝」を意味し、語源はauto(自分)とbio(命)graphia(記録)に由来します。

英語の解説と例文

Autobiography means “a book written by oneself”, and the origin is derived from auto (self), bio (life) and graphia (record).

Autobiography is a book that describes your life by yourself. The most famous autobiography worldwide is written by Benjamin Franklin. His book “Franklin Autobiography” is an American long-best seller, Franklin’s 13rd virtue written in this book makes life beneficial.

Other well-known autobiography includes Helen Keller’s “The Story of My Life”, Adolf Hitler’s “Mein Kampf”, Anne Frank’s “The Diary Of A Young Girl”.

他の語源へ / 目次へ

 

autocracy /ɔːtάkrəsi/:独裁

autocracyは「独裁」を意味し、語源はauto(自分)とkratia(支配)に由来します。原義はギリシャ語のautokratia(一人による支配)です。同義語はdictatorship, despotismです。

英語の解説と例文

Autocracy means “governance by one ruler”, and the etymology comes from auto (yourself) and kratia (dominant). The original meaning is Greek autokratia (domination by one person). The synonyms are dictatorship, despotism. Let’s see an example sentence.

Autocracy is a political system in which only one individual or faction has absolute political power. The autocracy has a strong image of being bad, but I can not absolutely say that.

In ancient Rome, when war and civil war occurred, autocracy was held. A single dictator should make a quick decision in case of an emergency. China and North Korea are the only countries currently doing official autocracy.

他の語源へ / 目次へ

 

autograph /ˈɔːṭəgr`æf/:有名人のサイン

autographは「有名人のサイン」を意味し、語源はauto(自分)とgraphia(書く)に由来します。原義はautographos(自分の手で書くこと)です。

英語の解説と例文

Autograph means “sign of celebrity”, and the origin is derived from auto (self) and graphia (write). The original idea is autographos (writing with your own hands).

Autograph stands for signature that celebrities write to fans. Let’s see an example sentence.

If an enthusiastic fan sees a celebrity, they say, “Can I have your autograph?” Fans should ask celebrities for autograph so as not to be rude. Friendly athletes sign autograph willingly. Imprudent people sell celebrity’s autograph at the Internet auction.

他の語源へ / 目次へ

 

autoimmune /ɔ̀tɔ́ɪmjun/:自己免疫

autoimmuneは「自己免疫」を意味し、語源はauto(自分)とimmune(免疫)に由来します。

英語の解説と例文

Autoimmune means “attacked by your immune system”, and the etymology comes from auto (yourself) and immune (immune). Let’s see an example sentence.

Autoimmune diseases are diseases that the immune system attacks their cells. Type 1 diabetes is a representative of autoimmune diseases. When type 1 diabetes develops, liver cells become attacked by the immune system and do not secrete insulin, resulting in an abnormally increased blood sugar level.

他の語源へ / 目次へ

 

automatic /`ɔːṭəmˈæṭɪk/:自動

automaticは「自動」を意味し、語源はauto(自分)とmatos(考える)に由来します。対義語はmanualです。

英語の解説と例文

Automatic means “without human labor”, and the etymology comes from auto (yourself) and matos (think). Automatic means that machinery and tools save people’s time and effort. The antonym is manual. Let’s see an example sentence.

As AT (Automatic Transmission) cars do not need to change gears while driving, anyone can drive casually. A semi-automatic gun automatically loads the next bullet every shot of a bullet. The full-automatic gun keeps shooting bullets while pulling the trigger. Full-automatic guns are too high in killing ability, so they are also regulated in the USA.

We deposit and withdraw money from convenience store ATM (Automatic Teller Machine). Most of the new buildings in Japan have automatic doors. Fully automatic cleaning robot Roomba saves you the trouble of cleaning the floor.

他の語源へ / 目次へ

 

automation /`ɔːṭəméɪʃən/:自動化

automationは「自動化」を意味し、語源はautomatic(自動)に由来します。

英語の解説と例文

Automation means “system without human labor”, and the etymology comes from automatic. Automation means that machines work on behalf of human beings. Let’s see an example sentence.

Factories of large companies introduce factory automation. It is afraid that automation will rob people from their work. In fact, more factories introduce factory automation (FA) to reduce labor costs and for work safety and accuracy. Factory automation can do complex work by linking with PLC and CAD.

他の語源へ / 目次へ

 

automaton /ɔːtάmətn/:自動人形

automatonは「自動人形」を意味し、語源はauto(自分)とmatos(考える)に由来します。複数形はautomataです。

英語の解説と例文

Automaton means “automatic doll”, and the etymology comes from auto (yourself) and matos (think). Plural form is automata. Let’s see an example sentence.

Automaton mainly means a machine doll made in Europe. While marionette and puppet are manipulated with thread, automaton will automatically move with spring etc. as a power source.

他の語源へ / 目次へ

 

automobile /ˈɔːṭəmoʊbìːl/:自動車

automobileは「自動車」を意味し、語源はauto(自分)とmobile(移動する)に由来します。同義語はcarです。

英語の解説と例文

Automobile means “a car”, and the etymology comes from auto (yourself) and mobile (move). Synonym is car. Automobile is often used in formal occasions. Let’s see an example sentence.

In Japan, drivers are obliged to enter automobile insurance for compensation for damages due to automobile accidents. Toyota is one of the world’s leading automobile companies and supports the Japanese automobile industry. Automobile tax is imposed on the owner of the car.

他の語源へ / 目次へ

 

autonomic /`ɔːṭənάmɪk/:自律神経の

autonomicは「自律神経の」を意味し、語源はautonomy(自治権)に由来します。

英語の解説と例文

Autonomic means “relating to nerves that controls human organ”, and the etymology comes from autonomy (autonomy). Let’s see an example sentence.

Autonomic nerves are nerves that regulate human organs, and there are two types, sympathetic nerves and parasympathetic nerves. When autonomic nervous system malfunction occurs, various symptoms appear in the body.

These diseases are called autonomic imbalances. The main cause is stress and irregular lifestyle. Since autonomic nerve secretes female hormones, women are prone to autonomic imbalance due to collapse of hormonal balance.

他の語源へ / 目次へ

 

autonomy /ɔːtάnəmi/:自治権

autonomyは「自治権」を意味し、語源はauto(自分)とnomos(法)に由来します。原義はラテン語のautonomos(自分の法で生きる)です。同義語はindependenceです。

二つ目の意味は「自律性」です。

英語の解説と例文

Autonomy means “autonomy right”, and the etymology comes from auto (yourself) and nomos (law). The original meaning is Latin autonomos (living by my own law).

Autonomy means that nations and regions ruled without interference from others. Synonyms are independence. Let’s see an example sentence.

The Tibetan people have asserted autonomy right to China, but they have received intense repression from the Chinese government. Some Tibetans now set up an exile in Government in India and are trying to expand autonomy.

The second meaning of autonomy is “an ability to decide by yourself”, and the synonym is independence.

A person with autonomy can decide oneself himself, but a person without autonomy tends to rely on someone else. Companies with high labor productivity generally respect the autonomy of employees. It’s fun to work independently on your own. Autonomy is necessary for a happy life as there is a desire for humans to decide their affairs by themselves.

他の語源へ / 目次へ

 

autopsy /ˈɔːtɑpsi/:検視

autopsyは「検視」を意味し、語源はauto(自分)とopsis(見ること)に由来します。同義語はinquest, postmortemです。

英語の解説と例文

Autopsy means “examination of dead body”, the etymology comes from auto (yourself) and opsis (view). Synonyms are inquest, postmortem. Let’s see an example sentence.

The coroner is a profession performing autopsy. When a corpse is discovered, a coroner performs an autopsy and investigate the incidences.

他の語源へ / 目次へ

 

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コメント

  1. […] autocracyは「独裁」を意味し、語源はauto(自分)とkratos(支配)に由来します。独裁制(autocracy)とは、個人や一つの政党が絶対的な権力を握り、民衆を統治する仕組みのことです。もともとは古 […]

  2. […] autocracyは「独裁」を意味し、語源はauto(自分)とkratos(支配)に由来します。独裁制(autocracy)とは、個人や一つの政党が絶対的な権力を握り、民衆を統治する仕組みのことです。もともとは古 […]

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