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語源rupt, rumpere (壊す)の英単語の意味まとめ



abrupt /əbrˈʌpt/ : 急な

abruptは「急な」を意味し、語源はab(離れる)とrumpere(壊す)に由来し、原義はラテン語のabrumpere(断ち切る)です。同義語はsudden, unexpectedです。例文を見てみましょう。


abruptの二つ目の意味は「無愛想な」で、同義語はrude, unfriendlyです。例文を見てみましょう。


Abrupt means “sudden”, the etymology comes from ab (away) and rumpere (to break), the original meaning is Latin abrumpere (to cut off). Synonyms are sudden and unexpected. Let’s see an example sentence.

If the train comes to an abrupt end, the passengers will receive the reaction. Abrupt change of a schedule makes people confusing. Unpopular serial cartoons make an abrupt end. A traveler makes an abrupt departure.

The second meaning of abrupt is “unfriendly”, synonyms are rude and unfriendly. Let’s see an example sentence.

People who can not control their emotions take an abrupt attitude to others when in a bad mood. Busy people unintentionally make an abrupt answer.


語源ab (離れる)の英単語の意味まとめ


bankruptcy /bˈæŋkrʌp(t)si/ : 破産




Bankruptcy means “the condition of having no money for repayment”, and the etymology comes from bank and rotta (broken). Synonym is insolvency, and its adjective form is bankrupt. Let’s see an example sentence.

Bankruptcy means that the obligor can not repay the obligation to the obligee. Those who are unable to return their debts will declare personal bankruptcy to the court. Companies whose deficits continue are on the verge of bankruptcy.

When the court accepts the bankruptcy petition, it begins bankruptcy proceedings and appoints a bankruptcy trustee. The job of bankruptcy trustees is to cash out the property of bankrupts and reimburse them for creditors.


corruption /kərˈʌpʃən/ : 汚職




Corruption means “a dishonest behavior of public officials”, the etymology comes from com (emphasis) and rumpere (break), the original meaning is the Latin corrumpere (to spoil). Synonym is graft. Let’s see an example sentence.

Corruption is an illegal use of their own power to obtain private interests by civil servants. Embezzlement, bribery, revolving door, etc. are typical examples of corruption.

Corruption is easy to occur when the power of the government is strong and citizen’s surveillance is loose. Politicians with high aspirations deplore the corruption of the political world.


disrupt /dɪsrˈʌpt/ : 秩序を乱す

disruptは「秩序を乱す」を意味し、語源はdis(分離)とrumpere(壊す)に由来し、原義はラテン語のdisrumpere(バラバラにする)です。同義語はdisturb, interruptです。例文を見てみましょう。


Disrupt means “to prevent something continuing”, the origin is derived from dis (separation) and rumpere (to break), the original meaning is the Latin disrumpere (to break into pieces). Synonyms are disturb and interrupt. Let’s see an example sentence.

The civil war will disrupt the government. The riot disturbs the order of society, so it is suppressed by the government. Outrageous remarks disrupt the meeting. Construction of the dam disrupt the natural ecosystem.


eruption /ɪrˈʌpʃən/ : 噴火



Eruption means “an explosion of volcano”, the etymology comes from ex (out) and rumpere (break), the original meaning is Latin erumpere (burst). The verb form is erupt. Let’s see an example sentence.

Eruption is the phenomenon that magma and volcanic ash blow from a volcano. Eruption is one of the volcanic activities. Eruptions have a bad influence on the human body. Climbers should check the eruption bulletins of the Japan Meteorological Agency before climbing.


interrupt /ìnṭərˈʌpt/ : 邪魔をする

interruptは「邪魔をする」を意味し、語源はinter(間)とrumpere(壊す)に由来し、原義はラテン語のinterrumpere(分離させる)です。同義語はdisturb, preventです。例文を見てみましょう。



Interrupt means “to stop someone from doing”, the etymology comes from inter (between) and rumpere (to break), the original meaning is Latin interrumpere (to separate). Synonym is disturb and prevent. Let’s see an example sentence.

Noise interrupts sleep. It is rude to interrupt other people’s talk. When it is absolutely necessary, let’s say “I’m sorry to interrupt you.” Employees should not interrupt other employees with aimless chatter.

The heavy snow will interrupt the traffic of the train. It is a violation of manner to interrupt politicians’ speech by bullying. If terrorism occurs, the trip will be interrupted.


語源inter (間)の英単語の意味まとめ


rupture /rˈʌptʃɚ/ : 破裂

ruptureは「破裂」を意味し、語源はrumpere(壊す)に由来します。同義語はburst, explosionです。例文を見てみましょう。


Rupture means “that something breaks apart”, and the etymology comes from rumpere (breaking). Synonyms are burst and explosion. Let’s see an example sentence.

Arteriosclerosis increases the risk of vascular rupture. Rupture of a blood vessel causes a large amount of internal bleeding, in the worst case leading to death.