語源ante, anti (昔、前方)の英単語の意味まとめ

2018年5月19日

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ancestor /ˈænsestɚ/:先祖

ancestorは「先祖」を意味し、語源はante(前)とcedere(行く)に由来します。原義はラテン語のantecedere(先に起きる)で、対義語はdescendant(子孫)です。

英語の解説と例文

Ancestor means “a old family in a long time ago”, and the etymology comes from ante (front) and cedere (to go). The original meaning in antecedere (precede) in Latin. The antonym is descendant.

Let’s show you example sentences. A famous family regularly visit ancestor’s grave. Ancestor of person with uncommon name may be a samurai.

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antebellum /`ænṭɪbéləm/:南北戦争以前

antebellumは「南北戦争以前」を意味し、語源はante(前)とbellum(戦争)に由来します。

英語の解説と例文

Antebellum means “before the American Civil War”, and the etymology comes from ante (front) and bellum (war).

American Civil War is the war between the North America and the South America. The main cause was conflicts over antebellum slavery. The North depended on casual labor and think the slavery as evil. On the other hand, the South relied on the slavery for plantation labor. This conflict was inevitable.

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antecedent /`ænṭəsíːdənt/:先行する

antecedentは「先行する」を意味し、語源はante(前)とcedere(行く)に由来します。原義はラテン語のantecedere(先行する)で、同義語はprecedentです。

英語の解説と例文

Antecedent means “happening earlier”, and the etymology comes from ante (before) and cedere (to go). The original meaning is antecedere (precede) in Latin. Antecedent means event happening earlier, but we more often use the synonym precedent.

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antenatal /æ̀ntinéitl/:出産前

antenatalは「出産前」を意味し、語源はante(前)とnatal(出産の)に由来します。同義語はprenatalで、対義語はpostnatalです。

英語の解説と例文

Antenatal means “before childbirth”, and the etymology comes from ante (previous) and natal (childbirth). The synonym is prenatal, and the antonym is postnatal.

Antenatal is used in British English and prenatal is used in American English. Pregnant women go to the antenatal clinic and let them undergo antenatal care on a regular basis.

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anterior /æntí(ə)riɚ/:前方

anteriorは「体や器官の前方」を意味し、語源はante(前)とior(比較形の接尾辞)に由来します。同義語はfrontで、対義語はposteriorです。

英語の解説と例文

Anterior means “the front part of one’s organ or body”, and the etymology comes from ante (front) and ior (comparative suffix). The synonym is front and the antonym is posterior.

We use anterior in anatomy. Human anterior eye segment has cornea, iris, pupil and lens.

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anticipate /æntísəpèɪt/:予期する

anticipateは「予期する」を意味し、語源はanti(前)とcapere(取る)に由来します。原義はラテン語のanticipare(早めに処理する)で、同義語はexpectとpredictです。

英語の解説と例文

Anticipate means “to expect that something will happen”, and the etymology comes from anti (before) and capere (to take). The original meaning is anticipare (to take earlier) in Latin. The synonym is expect and predict. Let’s show you example sentences.

Capable sales rep can anticipate what their customers need. Competent manager anticipate the future and start the business. As it is anticipated that one third of Japanese will be old in 2035, we should anticipate their needs. Since we are not the God, we cannot exactly anticipate problems in the future. Of course, we cannot anticipate tomorrow’s stock price.

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antique /æntíːk/:骨董品

antiqueは「骨董品」を意味し、語源はanti(古い)とokw(外観)に由来します。原義はラテン語のantiquus(古い)です。

英語の解説と例文

Antique means “old and valuable things”, and the etymology comes from anti (before) and okw (appearance). The original meaning is antiquus (ancient) in Latin.

Antique is old and valuable tools. In American definition, antique was made over 100 years ago, junk was made less than 100 years ago, and other worthless things are rubbish.

It is very difficult to trade antiques and make a profit, because antiques have no fixed price, market price changes radically, and they have to detect replicas.

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