語源alt, alti, altus (高い)の英単語の意味まとめ

2018年1月18日

altimeter /æltíməṭɚ/ の意味と語源

altimeterの意味は「高度計」です。

語源はaltus(高い)とmetron(測る)に由来します。

高度計には、気圧高度計と電波温度計の2種類があります。

altimeterの解説と例文

Altimeter means “a device to measure altitude”.

The etymology comes from altus (high) and metron (measure).

An altimeter is a device to know altitude, used for climbing and aircraft.

There are two types of altimeter: barometric altimeter and radio altimeter.

Mountaineers wears barometric altimeters of the wristwatch type.

Many climbers use altimeter application of smartphone now.

Aircrafts are equipped with radio altimeter.

合わせて読みたい

語源metron(計測)の英単語を知りたいなら、下記の記事をご覧ください。

 

altitude /ˈæltət(j)ùːd/ の意味と語源

altitudeの意味は「高度」です。

語源はaltus(高さ)に由来します。

同義語はheight、elevationです。

altitude sicknessは「高山病」を意味します。

altitudeの解説と例文

Altitude means “height from above the sea”.

The etymology comes from altus (height).

The synonyms are height and elevation.

Altitude usually means the height from the sea level.

This word is used in aviation and climbing.

Let’s see example sentences.

In a field of aircrafts, people use “feet” as a unit of altitude.

The aircraft’s cruise altitude is set at 35,000 feet (10,000 meters).

Because this altitude can minimize air resistance and fuel consumption.

Altitude is also used in mountain climbing.

When people climb a high mountain, they may have altitude sickness.

Altitude sickness is a symptoms for a lack of oxygen.

Main symptoms of altitude sickness are headache, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, dizziness.

 

alto /ˈæltoʊ/ の意味と語源

altoの意味は「アルト(女性の低い音域)」です。

語源はaltus(高い)に由来します。

altoの解説と例文

Alto means “voice range of females”.

The etymology comes from altus (high).

This word also means “high” in Italian.

The synonym is contralto.

There are two voice ranges of women; soprano and alto.

Alto is the lower voice range.

Alto is used in musical instruments.

Junior high school students play an alto recorder in a music class.

 

enhance /ɪnhˈæns/ の意味と語源

enhanceの意味は「質を高める」です。

語源はaltus(高い)に由来します。

原義はラテン語のinaltare(高くする)です。

同義語はimprove, get betterです。

enhanceの解説と例文

Enhance means “to make something better”.

The etymology comes from altus (high).

The original meaning is Latin inaltare (to raise).

The synonyms are improve and get better.

Let’s see example sentences.

We can enhance our vocabulary by reading many books.

If you would like to attract the opposite sex, you may enhance your appearance.

We can enhance our writing skill with a blog.

Good sleep enhance our health.

 

exalt /ɪgzˈɔːlt/ の意味と語源

exaltの意味は「昇進させる」です。

語源はex(外)とaltus(高い)に由来します。

原義はラテン語のexaltare(向上させる)です。

同義語はpromote, win a promotion, rise in rankです。

exaltの解説と例文

Exalt means “to promote someone to a higher rank”.

The etymology comes from ex (outside) and altus (high).

The original meaning is Latin exaltare (to improve).

The synonyms are promote, win a promotion and rise in rank.

Let’s see an example sentence.

In a seniority system, most workers can be exalted to a higher position regardless of their skill.

In a result-based company, only capable workers can be exalted to a higher position.

 

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