語源arch, archy, arkhein (支配者)の英単語の意味まとめ

2018年5月19日

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anarchy /ˈænɚki/:無政府状態

anarchyは「無政府状態」を意味し、語源はan(無い)とarkhein(支配)に由来します。原義はギリシャ語のanarkhia(指導者がいないこと)です。

英語解説と例文

Anarchy means “the state of no government”, and the etymology comes from an (no) and arkhein (domination). The original meaning is the Greek anarkhia (when there is no leader).

Let’s see example sentences.

Civil wars makes the country fall into anarchy.

Without a strict teacher, a classroom will be in a state of anarchy.

In a state of anarchy, people will not keep the law and commit crimes.

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archangel /άɚkèɪndʒəl/:大天使

archangelは「大天使」を意味し、語源はarkhein(長)とangel(天使)に由来します。

英語解説と例文

Archangel means “a great angel”, and the etymology comes from arkhein (ruler) and angel.

Let’s see example sentences.

Archangels appear in religions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam.

Michael and Gabriel are famous archangels in Christianity.

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archbishop /ὰɚtʃbíʃəp/:大司教

archbishopは「大司教」を意味し、語源はarkhein(長)とbishop(司教)に由来します。

英語解説と例文

Archbishop means “a priest of high rank”, and the etymology comes from arkhein (chief) and bishop.

Let’s see example sentences.

Archbishop is one of the Catholic priesthood classes.

Archbishop is a leader of archdiocese.

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architect /άɚkətèkt/:建築士

architectは「建築士」を意味し、語源はarkhi(長)とtekton(建築者)に由来します。

英語解説と例文

Architect means “a profession specialized in designing buildings”, and the etymology comes from arkhi (ruler) and tekton (builder).

Let’s see example sentences.

Architect’s job is to design buildings and supervise its construction.

Architect is a national certification (or qualification).

Becoming an architect requires passing a national examination.

In Japan, only first class architects can design huge buildings.

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archipelago /ὰɚkəpéləgòʊ/:列島

archipelagoは「列島」を意味し、語源はarkhein(支配)とpelagos(海)に由来します。

同義語はisland groupとisland chainです。

英語解説と例文

Archipelago means “a group of small islands”, the etymology comes from arkhein (domination) and pelagos (ocean). The synonyms are island group and island chain.

Let’s see example sentences.

The Japanese archipelago consists of 4 large islands and 3700 small islands.

The Japanese archipelago is surrounded by the sea.

Russia has effective control of the Kuril archipelago.

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archive /άɚkɑɪv/:長期保存用データ

archiveは「長期保存用のデータ」を意味し、語源はarkhe(政府)に由来します。

原義は後期ラテン語のarchivum(記録の保管庫)です。

解説と例文

Archive means “data for long-term storage”, the etymology comes from arkhe (government).

The original meaning was the later Latin archivum (archive of records), which meant the place to save the document.

Let’s see example sentences.

Gmail has a function of mail archive.

It is recommended that you archive your unnecessary e-mail instead of deleting.

Because you can find it from archive when you need it.

Archive is a convenient function to keep your many mails in order.

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hierarchy /hάɪ(ə)rὰɚki/:ヒエラルキー

hierarchyは「ピラミッド型の階級制度」を意味し、語源はhiera(神聖)とarkhein(支配)に由来します。

原義は中期ラテン語のhierarchia(天使の階級)です。

英語解説と例文

Hierarchy means “organization in the shape of pyramid”, and the etymology comes from hiera (sacred) and arkhein (dominant).

The original meaning is Middle Latin hierarchia (the class of angels). Hierarchy was originally a organizational structure of clergy.

Let’s see an example sentence.

Ordinary companies has a hierarchy structure where the president is at the top.

The military also has a strict hierarchy structure.

When human satisfy the physiological needs, they would like to satisfy the higher needs.

This is called Maslow’s hierarchy of needs.

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monarchy /mάnɚki/:君主制

monarchyは「君主制」を意味し、語源はmonos(単一)とarkhein(支配)に由来します。

君主制は君主が存在する政体のことで、対義語は共和制です。

解説と例文

Monarchy means “political system governed by one ruler”, and the etymology comes from monos (single) and arkhein (dominant).

Monarchy is the regime in which the monarch exists. The antonym is republic.

Let’s see example sentences.

In absolute monarchy, a monarch has absolute power and nobody can disobey him.

In constitutional monarchy, the power of the monarch is limited by the constitution.

An emperor exist in Japan but has no political power, so Japan adopts the constitutional monarchy.

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