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語源pac, pact (結ぶ)の英単語の意味まとめ



compact /kəmpˈækt/ : 小型の


Compact means “small and dense”, the etymology comes from com (together) and pangere (tie). Compact means small, but including necessary functions in a tidy manner. Let’s see example sentences. Japanese car dealers sell various kinds of compact cars. Today, many people use smartphone cameras instead of compact cameras. CD is an abbreviation for compact disc. Minimalist have a compact room and own only what they need. Airpods is a very compact bluetooth earphone, sold well globally.


impact /ímpækt/ : 影響、衝撃

impactは「影響」を意味し、語源はin(中)とpangere(結ぶ)に由来し、原義はラテン語のimpingere(押し込む)です。同義語はeffect, influenceです。例文を見てみましょう。国の要人の発言は株価に大きな影響を及ぼします。自然エネルギーは環境への負荷が少ないです。テレビは若者に大きな影響を与えます。粉飾決算は会社の評判に甚大な影響を与えます。


Impact means “influence”, the origin is derived from in (into) and pangere (link), and the original meaning is Latin impingere (push into). The synonyms are effect and influence. Let’s see an example sentence. Remarks of national leaders have a big impact on stock prices. Natural energy has low impact on the environment. Television has a big impact on young people. Window-dressing will have a huge impact on the company’s reputation.

The second meaning of impact is “the force of hitting”, its synonym is shock. Let’s see an example sentence. Meteorite impact to the earth has issued numerous injured people. The air bag will operate on an impact of cars.


pact /pˈækt/ : 条約

pactは「条約」を意味し、語源はpactum(契約)に由来します。同義語はtreaty, agreementです。例文を見てみましょう。第二次世界大戦の終了時に、日本は連合国と平和条約を締結しました。自由貿易協定を結ぶことで、関税や規制がなくなり、国同士が自由にビジネスを行うことができます。

Pact means “treaty”, and the etymology comes from pactum (contract). The synonyms are treaty and agreement. Let’s see an example sentence. At the end of the Second World War, Japan signed a peace pact with the Allies. By concluding a free trade pact, tariffs and regulations will be lost, and countries can do business freely among countries.


pacific /pəsífɪk/ : 平和的な、太平洋の

pacificは「平和的」を意味し、語源はpax(平和)とfacere(行う)に由来します。同義語はpeaceful, peaceableです。例文を見てみましょう。人々は天国を平和的な場所だと想像します。温厚な人は平和的な議論を好み、平和的な方法で問題を解決します。


Pacific means “peaceful”, and the etymology comes from pax (peace) and facere (do). The synonyms are peaceful and peaceable. Let’s see an example sentence. People imagine heaven as a pacific place. Mild people like pacific arguments and solve problems in a pacific way.

Pacific is also used for the name of the sea. The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean in the world. Origin of the name was named in 1519 by Magellan from its quietness. The Pacific Ring of Fire is a volcanic belt surrounding the Pacific Ocean. The Pacific War was one of the phases of World War II, and it was a war between the Axis countries and the Allies.


語源fac, fic, facere (作る、する)の英単語の意味まとめ


peace /píːs/ : 平和



Peace means “no war or fight”, and the etymology comes from pax (connecting). Peace is the state where no war or civil war has occurred. Let’s see an example sentence. Those who experienced the misery of war wish for world peace and participate in the peace movement. Defeating an Islamic country is said to bring a permanent peace to the Middle East. A dove is a symbol of peace. Peace treaty is a treaty to end war. People who disrupt public peace are punished by law.

Peace is also used outside the country. For example, many senior citizens hope to die in peace rather than forcibly living with life-sustaining treatment. We should leave in peace people who have been dumped by a lover. Peace of mind is an important element in bringing a happy life.


pacifism /pǽsəfìzm/ : 平和主義


Pacifism means “the idea of no using military force”, and the etymology comes from pacific (peaceful). Pacifism is a way of thinking against war and armed forces to solve problems. Pacifists are those who have ideas of pacifism. Since the Constitution of Japan denies the maintenance of the military, it seems to be realizing pacifism, but in fact Japan possesses a Self Defense Force. Practicing pacifism without having an army is very difficult.