語源bell (戦争)の英単語の意味まとめ

2018年2月22日

bellicose /bélɪkòʊs/ : 好戦的な

bellicoseは「好戦的」を意味し、語源はbellicus(戦の)に由来します。同義語はwarlike, aggressive, militantです。

Bellicose means “liking to fight”, and the etymology comes from bellicus (relating to battles). Synonyms are warlike, aggressive and militant. Let’s see example sentences of bellicose.

In order to avoid unnecessary conflicts, let’s not involve with bellicose persons. If you make a bellicose criticism, your opponent will also have antipathies to you. When complaining about goods or services, let’s not take a bellicose attitude. Piranha is a bellicose fish and attacks other large animals and humans in a flock.

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belligerent /bəlídʒ(ə)rənt/ : 交戦中の

belligerentは「交戦中」を意味し、語源はbellum(戦い)とgerere(運ぶ)に由来します。原義はラテン語のbelligerare(戦争を行う)です。

belligerentは国同士の戦争でよく使われます。

Belligerent means “in battle” and the etymology comes from bellum (battles) and gerere (to carry). The original idea is Latin belligerare (to do war).

Belligerent is often used in war between countries. For example, belligerent countries of the Sino-Japanese War are the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan. The belligerent countries of World War II are Axis countries and allied countries.

Article 9 of the Constitution of Japan states that “the right of belligerency of the country is not admitted”. Under the Constitution, Japan will not be able to possess troops, but instead has a Self Defense Force. The Ministry of Defense claims that belligerent rights and self-defense rights are different things.

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rebel /réb(ə)l/ : 反逆者

rebelは「反逆者」を意味し、語源はre(反対)とbellare(戦争を行う)に由来します。

Rebel means “someone against people in authority”, and the etymology comes from re (opposite) and bellare (to do war).

Rebel means a person who opposes people in a power. When the country puts pressure on it, civilians form a rebel army and fight against the government. If the rebellion fails, rebels are caught and executed.

Rebel is also used for adolescents and rebellious children. When children establish their own ego, they rebel against their parents. Students rebel against high-pressure teachers.

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rebellion /rɪbéljən/ : 反乱

rebellionは「反乱」を意味し、語源はre(反対)とbellum(戦い)に由来します。同義語はrevoltとuprisingです。

反乱は、支配者を暴力で追い出そうとする試みです。

Rebellion means “attempt to change the government or leader”, the etymology comes from re (opposite) and bellum (battle). Synonyms are revolt and uprising.

The rebellion is an attempt to drive out rulers with violence. When the government puts pressure or imposes high taxes, discontented people rise in rebellion. A successful rebellion is called a revolution. When the revolution occurs, former rulers are almost certainly executed. Therefore, the rulers send troops to suppress the rebellion. If the rebellion fails, the leader will be executed.

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Posted by むれ